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2012 Voter ID Information - This Page Was Last Modified - Saturday, August 29, 2015 1:15 PM
 
This s IS NOT an official site for Voter ID info, just a page with compiled information that can be shared with anyone with an interest. There are no opinions of my/our own on this page, just links to articles of interest. End GOP Voter Suppression, Sign The Petition.

What 100 years of voting looks like

  1. Miami-Dade County Extends Voting Hours
  2. Orange County Early Voting Hours Extended Sunday Following Judge's Ruling
  3. Supreme Court Declines To Block Ohio Early Voting
  4. Feds OK SC’s Voter ID Law; Enforcement Begins AFTER Election
  5. Judge blocks Pennsylvania voter ID law
  6. Pennsylvania Voter ID Law Ruling Looms
  7. Poll: Pennsylvania’s Voter I.D. Law Has Solid Support
  8. Voter Protection Initiative Unveiled By Congressional Black Caucus
  9. US Voter ID Laws Could Bar 10M Hispanics
  10. Voter ID laws in court: Now, it's South Carolina's turn
  11. Voter ID Laws Take Aim At College-Student Voters
  12. Voting In Black America: Right, Privilege Or Responsibility?
  13. Kirsten Gillibrand Introducing Voter Empowerment Act In Senate
  14. Black Women Rally Against Voter ID Laws
  15. Pa Supreme Court orders more hearings on Voter ID law
  16. DOJ has approved early voters hours for FL
  17. Voter ID laws struck down in Texas and Florida
  18. Divisions persist on need for voter ID amendment
  19. Voter registration rally thrills MDC campus
  20. Pa. high court takes hard look at voter ID law
  21. Hooray! Florida Voter Purge Fight Ends In Settlement, Voter Rights Restored To Naturalized Citizens
  22. Republicans Losing Election Law War As Campaign Ramps Up
  23. Obama For America Files Motion To Enforce Early Voting In Ohio
  24. Ohio Early Voting Ruling: Court Orders State To Restore 3 Days Of Voting Before Election Day
  25. Texas Voter ID Law Rejected By Federal Court
  26. Court rejects Florida GOP voter-registration restrictions
  27. Should the Wisconsin Supreme Court rule on the voter ID law before November?
  28. Wisconsin Republican asks court to rule on voter ID before election
  29. Voter ID Laws Are the New Poll Tax and Literacy Tests
  30. Justice Dept. clears Virginia voter ID law
  31. Doug Priesse: Ohio Early Voting Process Should Not Accommodate Black Voters
  32. Viviette Applewhite, 93-year-old plaintiff in Pa. voter ID case, gets card amid appeal
  33. Fighting Voter-ID Laws
  34. Republican Voter Suppression Campaign Rolls Back Early Voting
  35. Florida Early Voting Changes Rejected By Federal Court
  36. Fighting voter suppression through social media
  37. Pennsylvania Voter ID Law: Mike Turzai Repeats Debunked Myth About Election Fraud
  38. Pa. Court Upholds Voter ID, Debate Goes On - Ruling brings strong reactions from supporters and opponents of the nation's toughest photo ID law.
  39. In Voter ID Debate, Devil Is in the Details
  40. How to Solve the Voter ID Debate
  41. Voter ID Laws Disenfranchise Millions
  42. Texas Voter ID Case Begins, Stirs Debate
  43. Voter ID laws spark heated debate before election

 

States that Have Enacted Voter ID Laws

Not all of the laws listed below have taken effect. Please see the footnotes for detailed information.

Thirty states presently have laws in place that will require all voters to show ID at the polls this November. That number could rise; a total of thirty-three states have passed voter ID laws. Mississippi, New Hampshire and Wisconsin presently have no voter ID requirement in place, even though laws have been enacted in all three states.

In Mississippi's case, the strict photo ID amendment passed by citizen initiative in November 2011 requires both implementing legislation and pre-clearance under Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act before it can be implemented. New Hampshire also requires pre-clearance before their newly-enacted voter ID law can take effect. Wisconsin's new strict photo ID law, passed by the legislature in 2011, was briefly in effect in early 2012, but it was declared unconstitutional by a state judge on March 12, 2012. The state is barred from enforcing the law unless an appeal overturns the March 12 ruling.

In Alabama, South Carolina and Texas, less-strict voter ID laws that pre-date the strict new laws passed in 2011 remain in effect for now. Alabama's new voter ID law has a 2014 effective date, and requires Section 5 pre-clearance. Texas and South Carolina were denied pre-clearance for their new voter ID laws by the U.S. Department of Justice; as in Alabama, older, non-photo ID laws remain in effect while both states seek a reconsideration of pre-clearance from a federal court.

The 33 voter ID laws that have been enacted vary in their details. Two key distinctions are whether a law is strict or not, and whether or not the ID must include a photo.

  • Strict vs. Non-Strict: In the "strict" states, a voter cannot cast a valid ballot without first presenting ID. Voters who are unable to show ID at the polls are given a provisional ballot. Those provisional ballots are kept separate from the regular ballots. If the voter returns to election officials within a short period of time after the election (generally a few days) and presents acceptable ID, the provisional ballot is counted. If the voter does not come back to show ID, that provisional ballot is never counted.
  • Photo vs. Non-Photo: Seventeen states require that the ID presented at the polls must show a photo of the voter. Some of these are "strict" voter ID laws, in that voters who fail to show photo ID are given a provisional ballot and must eventually show photo ID in order to get that provisional ballot counted. Others are "non-strict," and voters without ID have other options for casting a regular ballot. They may be permitted to sign an affidavit of identity, or poll workers may be able to vouch for them if they know them personally.

    In these "non-strict" states, voters who fail to bring ID on Election Day aren't required to return to election officials and show ID in order to have their ballot counted. In the other 16 voter ID states, there is a wide array of IDs that are acceptable for voting purposes, some of which do not include a photo of the voter. Again, some of these states are "strict" in the sense that a voter who fails to bring ID on Election Day will be required to vote a provisional ballot, and that provisional ballot will be counted only if the voter returns to election officials within a few days to show acceptable ID.

In the Jim Crow South, the “Powers-That-Be” had ways of preventing blacks from voting: poll taxes and literacy tests. The Supreme Court and Congress eliminated those obstacles decades ago, but today there is a new way of keeping eligible voters from casting ballots: overly restrictive voter ID laws.

Pennsylvania recently adopted a new voter ID law that critics say could prevent as many as 1.5 million people from voting. A new Texas law could disenfranchise about as many. Eleven states have adopted new voter ID laws just since the 2010 elections. By one estimate, as many as 10% of eligible voters nationwide lack the documentation required by voter ID laws.

There is a simple solution to this problem. It is time for congress to create a federal ID card that would guarantee people the right to cast a ballot.

Election laws and policies are for the most part set by the states. States have traditionally been easygoing about voter ID — and many still are. There is no actual need to tighten voter ID rules: there have been extraordinarily few instances of people committing fraud at the polls. One study found that more Americans are killed by lightening in a year than are convicted of federal election fraud.

The real reason tough new voter ID laws are cropping up across the country is that they make it difficult for anyone without drivers’ licenses to vote — often very difficult. In some parts of Texas, people have to drive 200 miles roundtrip to get the ID they need. In some states, it can cost as much as $25 to get necessary documentation to vote. The state poll taxes that the Supreme Court struck down in the 1960s cost about $10 in current dollars.

Voter ID laws have a disproportionate impact on groups that lean democratic — including blacks, hispanics and students. In honest moments, backers of voter ID laws will admit what they are up to. Last month, Pennsylvania House Majority Leader Mike Turzai said that the state’s new voter ID law would “allow Governor Romney to win Pennsylvania.”

Meanwhile, legal challenges to voter ID laws have not fared well. In 2008, the Supreme Court rejected a constitutional challenge to Indiana’s voter ID law. The court said that there was not enough evidence that the law was stopping eligible voters from casting ballots. (A few weeks later, 10 elderly nuns were barred from voting in Indiana because they lacked proper ID.)

Voting in presidential and congressional elections is a national right — and the national government should protect it. In the Civil Rights Era, Congress took on this role: it passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965 to ensure that blacks in states like Mississippi and Alabama were able to vote. Now, the federal government should step in and make national voter ID cards available to ensure that voters in states with tough ID laws are not disenfranchised.

The federal government could establish more voter-friendly rules for such an ID. It could ensure that voters do not have to pay for the ID or the underlying documents. These IDs could be dispensed at post offices, which are located in every community. The government could even proactively send them out to citizens when they turn 18.

Not that a national voter ID card doesn’t have some potential problems which would have to be avoided. It should not replace state voter IDs — it should simply be an alternative. That way, people who currently have ID that allows them to vote would not have to jump through a new hoop. And national voter ID should not become a mandatory national ID card — something civil libertarians rightly oppose for having police-state overtones. It should be strictly optional.

Voter ID laws that exclude eligible voters have become just another partisan election tactic — like super-PAC fundraising or TV attack ads. That violates one of the most essential principles of American democracy — that, as the Declaration of Independence declares, governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed. Supporters of tough voter ID laws are not afraid of vote fraud — they are afraid of democracy.

Read more: http://ideas.time.com/2012/08/06/how-to-solve-the-voter-id-debate/#ixzz241rBZxow

 

 

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